Internet & SEO Facts and Tips

Internet Facts Tips provides the best articles, advice, guides and tips for interest users including search engine optimization (SEO), website development and management, software and hardware, smartphones, Facebook and other applications. The articles, guides and tips are written by our team of qualified experts and offer practical information for users and developers. The internet is a changeable feast and it pays to be up to date with the latest developments.

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Brief History and Milestones in the Development of the Internet

The Internet sprang into life as a US Department of Defense funded experiment in promoting networking research. Originally called the ARPANET, it originally provided an information pathway between UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, Stanford Research Institute and the University of Utah. Scientists found the connectivity via the precursor of email very useful, Soon other universities and government research centers were soon connected to the network. At this access was only available for students and staff at these schools.

Before access to the Internet became widely available, computer Bulletin Board Systems (BBS) and online services such as Prodigy, CompuServe and America Online provided online content and interconnection. These were primarily "character" based systems that used hardwired modems and phone lines in order to share files and transfer messages, facilitate chat rooms and forums. As the Internet gathered momentum, the two technologies fused with the introduction of the World Wide Web and graphical web browsers. This led to a dramatic increase in the popularity of the Internet, which became the host of choice for online services and Bulletin Board Systems.

1964 - The first computer mouse was developed by Douglas C. Engelbart and was publically unveiled in 1968. This was 20 years before it would ship with the first Apple Macintosh.

1969 - US Defense Department commissions ARPANET to provide a network connecting University of Utah, Stanford Research Institute, UCLA and UC Santa Barbara. TheCompuServe time-sharing service is founded.

1970 - 1973 The ARPANET develops pace and expands with email gaining in popularity.

1971 - ARPANET connects 23 government research centers and universities in the United States.

1973 - ARPANET establishes international connections to Royal Radar Establishment in Norway and University College in London,

1975 - The MITS Altair 8800 is proclaimed as the world's first "personal" computer. Bill Gates and Paul Allen develop BASIC for the 8800 and Microsoft has its inception.

1976 - The Queen of England sends the first royal email message. The Apple I is introduced into schools for the first time.

1976 - Steve Jobs, Ronald Wayne and Steve Wozniak start the Apple Computer company in garage of Jobs' parents' house in Los Altos, California. The Company's first product, Apple I, launched - a very basic circuit board that comes without a monitor, keyboard or case; each is handmade by Wozniak and priced at $US666.66

1977 - 2nd-generation device Apple II launched at a computer fair with 16K of RAM. Later models among first devices to include a floppy disk drive.

1979 - Jobs changes the focus of apple to graphical user interface after seeing Xerox use windows and boxes as graphics, as well as virtual folders to organize items on the screen, instead of text.

1979 - The first USENET newsgroups established. CompuServe becomes the first service in the world to offer electronic mail capabilities to personal computer users.

1980 - IBM asks Microsoft to develop BASIC for its personal computer to be introduced in the next year. CompuServe becomes the first online service to offer real-time chat online using the CB Simulator.

1981 - The ARPANET grows to 213 hosts and expands rapidly with one new host added every 20 days. The first IBM PC is introduced in August.

1982 - The term "Internet" has its inception.

1984 - Jobs launches the Macintosh, with a GUI - graphical user interface, which marked the beginning of Apple's "Think Different" era.

1985 - Apple launches Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow. Microsoft's first Windows 1.0 application ships in November.

1987 - Internet hosts expands to more than 10,000 users.

1989 - Internet hosts exceed 100,000. The "America Online" service is created for Macintosh and Apple II.

1990 - The ARPANET departs. Internet hosts now exceeds 300,000.

1991 - Commercial control and limitations on Internet use is lifted. Point-and-click navigation of files on the Internet is developed in a tool called "gopher." The World Wide Web software released by CERN, which is the European Laboratory for Particle Physics.

1992 - Internet hosts exceeded 1,000,000.. The first video and audio broadcasts over the internet take place.

1993 - Traffic on the World Wide Web expands like wildfire. The White House commits to connecting schools via the Internet.

1995 - The Web now hosts most of Internet traffic.

1996 - The Internet, in its 25th year, hosts network-of-networks nearing the 10 million mark,. There are now about 40 million users in almost 150 countries are online. E-commerce begins in earnest as more than $1 billion per year changes hands online.

1997 - The internet expands into schools.

1998 - Internet hosts number almost 37 million and with over 4 million web-sites.

2000 - The dot-com boom of the 1990s explodes and busts as technology companies tank. eBay, Amazon.com and other sites are crippled in one of the first widespread uses of the denial-of-service (DOS) attack, which floods sites with so much junk traffic that legitimate users cannot visit and servers cannot cope.

2002: World Internet users expands to 500 million.

2004: Mark Zuckerberg starts Facebook as a sophomore student at Harvard University.

2005: YouTube video-sharing site launches.

2006: World Internet population now more than 1 billion.

2007: Apple Inc. releases the first iPhone, allowing millions more people to wireless Internet access.

2008: World Internet population surpasses 1.5 billion.

The rest they say:

"Is IT History"